Dengue ke Lakshan Kya Hai : Dengue outbreak in Bangladesh is breaking its records. The Directorate General of Health Services here said that out of more than 2 lakh confirmed cases, 1,006 people have died. Here, the World Health Organization (WHO) has warned that dengue and other diseases caused by mosquito-borne viruses like chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika are spreading faster and further due to climate change.
Dengue ke Lakshan Kya Hai : Bangladesh continues to have its worst outbreak of the mosquito-borne disease and is increasing due to climate change. More than 1,000 people have died here this year due to dengue fever. Data from Bangladesh’s Directorate General of Health Services said 1,006 people have died out of more than 2 lakh confirmed cases. Former director of the agency Benazir Ahmed said that the number of deaths so far this year is more than in every previous year.
“This is a shocking development both in Bangladesh and the world,” he told AFP on Monday. The World Health Organization (WHO) has also said that dengue and other diseases caused by mosquito-borne viruses, such as chikungunya, yellow fever and Zika, Due to climate change, they are spreading faster and further. Health experts say that dengue is a disease found in tropical areas. It causes high fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, muscle pain and, in the most severe cases, bleeding which can lead to death.
Panic created after record breaking patients and deaths
This year’s figures have shaken the entire system. Last year, only 281 deaths were recorded in the entire year, whereas this year this figure has increased almost five times. Teenagers and young children are also included in the dead.
After all, how did such a terrible disease spread, what were the reasons?
Scientists have expressed apprehension that the number of mosquitoes has increased rapidly in Bangladesh this year due to irregular rains and continuously hot temperatures. The situation remained serious during monsoon. Kabirul Bashar, professor of zoology at Jahangirnagar University in Dhaka, told news agency AFP that dengue outbreaks have been seen in many countries this year. This is not happening only in Bangladesh, whereas the situation is worrying in many tropical and sub-tropical countries.
Climate change blamed
He said the Aedes mosquito that spreads dengue thrives at the “optimal temperature for the spread of the virus”. Global climate change is playing a role in providing these temperature levels. Dengue cases have been recorded in Bangladesh since the 1960s, but the first outbreak of dengue hemorrhagic fever, a severe and sometimes fatal form of the disease, was recorded in 2000.
Patients increase during monsoon season
Professor Bashar said that this virus which causes the disease has now become local to Bangladesh. The highest number of patients have been seen this year. However, most cases are recorded during the July-to-September monsoon season. It is during these months that most of the country’s annual rainfall occurs and along with it there is also a risk of floods and landslides. However, in recent years, hospitals in Bangladesh have also started admitting patients suffering from the disease during the winter months. People who have frequent infections have a higher risk of complications.
Those who fall ill repeatedly become serious, it becomes difficult to save themselves.
Dr Mohammad Rafiqul Islam of Dhaka’s Shaheed Suhrawardy Medical College said most of the patients admitted to his hospital were suffering from the second or third case of dengue. He told that when people get dengue for the second, third or fourth time, the severity increases. The number of deaths is also high. He said that many people are coming to us when their condition has worsened due to illness. Treating them is really complicated. Dengue wards in major hospitals in Dhaka are filled with bedridden patients.